Inside of the pelagem of this carpet the animals live all, respectfully. It ruins it to none, gnaws it to none, except homem’ ‘ (Lobato Hunter). From the Industrial, occured Revolution in middle of century XVIII, the development of the humanity has been folloied of the substitution of the sources renewed of energy and the exaggerated consumption of natural resources. On these resources the existence not only depends human being, as the proper economic growth. However, space enough in the planet will not exist to shelter the beings all livings creature and the residue of the activities human beings, who are the result of wild production and consumption, on behalf of technology, comfort and well-being of the man. To have an idea, in what it says respect to the use of some natural resources, the society has shown a trend to the destruction.
The humanity pours in the nature, about 30 billion tons of garbage. Who more suffers with the pollution is hdricos resources. Four in each ten human beings already see debtors to ration the water. Moreover, the sources are diminishing of volume, while the population does not stop to grow. You leave lead, of zinc or of mercury poured in the water for the industries they spread for the aquatic alimentary chains, intoxicando the organisms and, consequently, the man. The growth of the population human being increases the gravity of problems that the Land already faces. Some of them are: bigger necessity of energy, what it leads to an increase of the pollution; the ecosystem destruction; increase of the consumption, that generates greater necessity of natural resources, as metals and the oil. Ahead of all these constataes had started the quarrels around the ambient preservation. It was in the Conference of Estocolmo, in 1972, where if the necessity of reaprender argued to coexist in the planet and the importance of the ambient question, that was launched the concept of sustainable development.