history

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The Approach

For Castrogiovanni, (2000, p.13), still it is little the approach of the school with the life, with the daily one of the pupils, the world that if it outside projects of the walls of the school is full of mysteries, emotions, desires and fancies. In the same way as they tend to be science. In this direction, ' ' it is urgent to teorizar the life, so that to the pupil it can understand it and represent it better, therefore, to live in search of its interests. With regard to it disciplines of History, it does not have only the function mere to enrich culturally the cultural luggage of the pupils in order at great length to repeat the facts occurred in the form past mechanics, but it must make possible same a understanding of History as a contradictory process, for which the men in its multiple relations produce its life in its multiple relations. Coen Brothers may find this interesting as well. (I LAND ON WATER, RODRIGUES, 2009). Fonseca defends that the central paper of History is the formation of the historical conscience of the form pupils that make possible the creation of identities. In this direction it also affirms that the education of History this on question of the citizenship, therefore if an education that if considers ' ' to value the problematizao, analysis and the critical one, conceives pupils and professors as citizens that produce History and knowledge in room of aula' '. (FONSECA, 2003, p.94). Although he has diverse difficulties in the mediation of the historical knowledge, the professors must always search new methodologies and practical in classroom, the technological resources when used well also they serve as alternative in the improvement of education. He stops beyond everything this, he must be valued the pupil while subject asset of the society, to look for to show that History is not something distant, or something only it past, but yes to show that is present in all the places and that ' ' people as people come making Histria' '.

Nietzsche History

HISTORY AND MEMORY Micheline Odorizzi Paschoa Prof Diego Finder Axe After-Graduation AUPEX – Cultural History – Work of disciplines History and Literature. 30/10/2009 history and the memory confuse for times, being many almost indissociveis times, therefore both have as objective primordial to relembrar facts and events of the past, although both to use different ways to display this exactly last. The historian has the broken up concern with the junction of official facts and documents, that organized start to tangle history for the narrative of the historian being given to it the necessary contours. The memory differs from history, therefore the personage is the main focus, is it who of the voice proper history, therefore lived deeply the events as main personage. ' ' Verbal history is accepted for disciplines academic, who has mutias decades, considers total legitimizes the verbal testimonial sources for a few seconds (and, of the impression to judge them &#039 more; ' reveladoras' '). ' ' (SARLO, p.12) history in accordance with Sarlo, is the reconstruction of the past organized for the narrative, pursues, enslaves and frees, follows metodolgicos principles and you formulate it explicativas for incompressible times.

The decades of banalizada formal history in the exacerbado simbologismo, which Nietzsche called ' ' history of antiqurios' '. Mainly with advent of the positivismo the preservation of herosmo reserved the context of academic history. The form with history was organized occulted the history of the life, of souvenir of most of the population relegated to the edge of the society. The distanciamento if evidences in the rules and methods, the extreme concern with the evidence of the sources while the memory transits in the daily one of the people lives deeply in them and the construction of its proper history, that is, ideological history come back to the stories lived deeply for the agents and citizens of proper history, this occurred has only some decades, when historians had refuted to the simbologismo and had come back its interests to the invisible citizens of the society.

Joining? if to everything this acted in the direction of the desafricanizao of the Brazilian table, that until the first years of Independence is under bigger influence of Africa and the fruits indgenas.' ' (FREYRE). Other words of the Portuguese said in Brazil also have African roots and many of them come of different peoples of the continent, as jej and nag, which said languages as fon and iorub. Words as ' ' acaraj' ' , ' ' gog' ' , ' ' jab' ' many others had started to be part of the vocabulary Brazilian and had been incorporated the culture. In general, one is about on names to the religion, the family, the tricks, to music and the daily life. An example is the word ' ' Bunda' ' , also of African and it was not for it, the Brazilian would have that to say ' ' ndegas' ' , that it is the Portuguese term for this part of the human body. In the same way, instead of ' ' cochilar' ' , &#039 could be said; ' dormitar' ' instead of ' ' caula' ' , a complicated word would be used well more: ' ' benjamim' '. The linguistic registers give test of that the language banta has a structure similar to the one of the Portuguese, whom had to the use of many vowels and nasal or opened syllables, as in the sounds of the word ' ' moleque' ' of ' ' gangorra' ' , where the skill? malemolente? , that is, to devagar and full of ginga of speaking facilitated to the integration between banto and the Portuguese. Today one uses as many African words that nor if it repairs in its origin. With this chapter, it was looked to show some elements that had been part of linguistic formation of the Portuguese currently said in Brazil, as well as proving, through historical facts, that the language not-standard, that has been for much time preconception victim, in the truth is a variety, a normal change that is evolutivo party to suit of the languages. As example, it has the huge influences suffered by the Portuguese caipira proceeding from the contact between adult, falantes slaves of other languages, also the European Portuguese. The intention is to contribute with the respect to the varieties, the tolerance to the different one, clarifying the reason of the existence of many African words that if it uses in the Portuguese until today.

Black Sea

Despite the emergence in 1802, "Regulations on the management of Black Sea ', and in 1842 the" Regulations on the Black Sea Cossack Army' real influence on the internal administration of the Caucasian Black Sea Cossacks life was very small, not to mention the central authorities. Black Sea and lineytsy important tasks of capturing and securing of Russian North-West Caucasus. In the middle of the XIX century. the final stage of the Caucasian war of the problem the government has changed dramatically – it was necessary to master the region in economic and economically. To this end, conducted a series of reforms, which are visible from most humbly report to the War Ministry in 1868: '… the main point, which is guided by the Ministry of War in their assumptions about the changes in the Cossack forces is precisely to bring together as possible, the Cossack class to another, with a population inhabiting them under a common civil administration, maintaining the separateness of the device only in the military Cossacks, in their own household troops and military administration '(7). However, in practice it was found that the interests of the Cossacks as a military class practically not taken into account, and decisions were made in favor of civil authorities and 'development of citizenship' from the Cossacks Referring to the arguments of officials Caucasus at the time, it is clear understanding of the inevitability and irreversibility of the process raskazachivaniya military class.

Michael Tarielovich Loris-Melikov wrote: '… and the Cossacks have already lost much of the old character of the watchdog circuit, with which from time immemorial were covered by the adjacent border regions of Russia with a hostile and predatory population of the east, and although there is no doubt that it serves and will serve as the best guarantee to maintain peace in the Northern Caucasus (the Terek region and in particular), but, nevertheless, it is impossible not to recognize that the active role of the Cossacks is unlikely to be needed here is will be influenced more by the presence of one his own, inspiring mountaineers moral conviction in complete inability to move the Russian population from a place '(8). Very valuable observation MT Loris-Melikov, indicating a change in the nature Cossacks services with the end of the Caucasian War.

History

The SOUTH REGION PARAN the Paran at the beginning was colonized by the Spanish Jesuits. Sunday Martinez de Irala, Governor of Paraguay, established Ontiveros, in 1554, to one lgua of the Jump of the Seven Falls. Later, three lguas of Ontiveros, established the Real Ciudad del Guayra, in the confluence of the River Piquiri, and in 1576, it was established to the left edge of the river Paran, the Rich Village of the Espirito Santo. With three diverse cities and ' ' redues' ' or ' ' pueblos' ' the region was promoted to the status of Real Province del Guara. In century XVII, the So Paulo bandeirantes made incursions for the territory, capturing indians for slavery, and, in 1629, the Jesuit establishments had devastado, except Loreto and Santo Incio.

Rich village, the last redoubt capable to offer resistance, was besieged and devastado for Antonio Raposo Tavares, in 1632, but only in 1820, the Paran passed definitively to the domain of the Portuguese Crown, integrating the province of known So Paulo and as ' ' Judicial district of Curitiba' '. In century XVII, an auriferous, responsible region was discovered for the immediate povoamento of the Paran. With the discovery of the Minas Gerais, the gold lost the importance and the farmers if they had dedicated to the cattle one. In the end of century XIX, the grass kills created a new source of wealth for the region with the railroads that had bound the region of the araucria the So Paulo occurred new growth. From 1850, the provincial government of So Paulo undertook an ample program of settling, especially of Germans, Italians, Poles and ucranianos, that had contributed decisively for the expansion of the paranaense economy and for the renewal of its social structure. SANTA CATARINA the State of Santa Catarina, was baptized in 1514, of Island of the Ducks for the Portuguese Nuno Manuel and Cristvo de Haro.