Innovations in the Chinese industrial waste recycling salvage opportunities for German companies generally lacking the Chinese recycling industry on regulatory and institutional order. Inconsistent and complicated recovery recycling channels, a variety of private small businesses and lagging technology make it difficult a positive development of the industry. The 2011 occurring in January 12th five-year plan, which envisages a reinforced promotion of recycling promises changes. The concept of recycling, in the framework of the raw materials used, back return their actual life in the production process, in China in 2009, with the Circular Economy Law “officially introduced. For the first time has been considered thus, to recycle more waste products such as electrical appliances and other industrial waste. After strikterem solid waste management to meet the demand, the three principles of recycling recycle Reduzieren-are in the manufacturing industry also already for several years reinforced advertised. According to the China resource utilization Association is the output of the raw material recycling industry significantly increase during the period of the next Funfahresplans (2011-2015) and annual RMB exceed 1,200 billion, which is equivalent to 3-4% of Chinese GDP.
Total of 2 billion tons of industrial solid waste recycling is currently 68%, implying that the goal of the 11th five-year plan is considered to be achieved including storage and disposal. This fly ash is ignored however, who considered the largest source of industrial solid waste and only 30% is their recovery rate. Hazardous waste in turn currently has a total recovery of 58%, which also represents an improvement compared to previous years. Due to growing industrial demand and high dependence on imports is also great potential for the recycling of mineral products, as well as metallic and non-metallic waste, such as paper, plastic, and rubber. The E-waste sector remains due to the “Overlap with other areas remains unclear, but is that true urban mining demonstration project”, in the framework of which within the next five years in thirty cities comprehensive recycling and waste disposal facilities should be created, to improve as a promising initiative to the current recycling rate of less than 10%. Generally lacks the Chinese recycling industry on regulatory and institutional order. Inconsistent and complicated recovery recycling channels, a variety of private small businesses and lagging technology make it difficult a positive development of the industry. The 2011 occurring in January 12th five-year plan, which envisages a reinforced promotion of recycling promises changes.
Especially for industries with high energy consumption, this means stricter regulations on resource use and recycling of waste. So the desired solid waste recycling rate will be at 70-75%, the recycling rate of electrical and electronics 50% equipment. It continues to to expect that demonstration projects and industrial parks will be preferential treatment with a focus on resource recycling in public investments and policies. Alone for the next five years, the construction of 25 recycling centers for packaging waste and 50 distribution centers with a capacity of the 1.5 million tonnes is planned. According to the Ministry of industry and information technology, a private budget will also be established for technology upgrading in terms of resource utilization, especially metallic and solid waste. Publication of the China resource comprehensive utilization guideline”, a collection of recycling-related technologies, which should contribute to the development of new recycling solutions, speaks for a future greater importance of waste management in Chinese politics. Feng Jie/Kathrin Resch, econet china