All posts for the month March, 2015

Black Sea

Despite the emergence in 1802, "Regulations on the management of Black Sea ', and in 1842 the" Regulations on the Black Sea Cossack Army' real influence on the internal administration of the Caucasian Black Sea Cossacks life was very small, not to mention the central authorities. Black Sea and lineytsy important tasks of capturing and securing of Russian North-West Caucasus. In the middle of the XIX century. the final stage of the Caucasian war of the problem the government has changed dramatically – it was necessary to master the region in economic and economically. To this end, conducted a series of reforms, which are visible from most humbly report to the War Ministry in 1868: '… the main point, which is guided by the Ministry of War in their assumptions about the changes in the Cossack forces is precisely to bring together as possible, the Cossack class to another, with a population inhabiting them under a common civil administration, maintaining the separateness of the device only in the military Cossacks, in their own household troops and military administration '(7). However, in practice it was found that the interests of the Cossacks as a military class practically not taken into account, and decisions were made in favor of civil authorities and 'development of citizenship' from the Cossacks Referring to the arguments of officials Caucasus at the time, it is clear understanding of the inevitability and irreversibility of the process raskazachivaniya military class.

Michael Tarielovich Loris-Melikov wrote: '… and the Cossacks have already lost much of the old character of the watchdog circuit, with which from time immemorial were covered by the adjacent border regions of Russia with a hostile and predatory population of the east, and although there is no doubt that it serves and will serve as the best guarantee to maintain peace in the Northern Caucasus (the Terek region and in particular), but, nevertheless, it is impossible not to recognize that the active role of the Cossacks is unlikely to be needed here is will be influenced more by the presence of one his own, inspiring mountaineers moral conviction in complete inability to move the Russian population from a place '(8). Very valuable observation MT Loris-Melikov, indicating a change in the nature Cossacks services with the end of the Caucasian War.